Luke 22:44

Luke 22:44

[bible passage=”Luke 22:44″]

Lk 22:44 καὶ ἐγένετο ὁ ἱδρὼς αὐτοῦ ὡσεὶ θρόμβοι αἵματος


Every year this bothers me, but I don’t think I’ve ever posted a question about it here.

I always understood this verse to say, “And his sweat became like large drops of blood”; where hWSEI means something like “could be compared to”, not “turned into”. Yet every Lent we hear about the “bloody sweat”.

So what is the natural meaning of hWSEI here?

Rev. Alexander Ring 11214 3rd Ave E Tacoma, WA 98445

The human mind had never invented a labor-saving machine equal to algebra.

17 thoughts on “Luke 22:44”

  1. I am presuming that EKTENESTERON in Luke 22:44 is a comparative of EKTENHS, but where does the Sigma in the middle before the comparative ending come from? Thanks.


  2. EKTENHS is an s-stem adjective, so the sigma was there all along as part of the stem. In most forms of s-stem adjectives, however, the sigma disappears, but it is still there in the comparative.

    Stephen C. Carlson
    Graduate Program in Religion
    Duke University

  3. Stephen wrote:

    part of the stem. In most forms of s-stem adjectives, however, the sigma disappears, but it is still there in the comparative.>

    Hi, Stephen and Kenneth,

    The sigma is still there in the comparative, presumably, because unlike in the other forms, it is not intervocalic. (For those of you in Rio Linda, “intervocalic” is bombast for “between vowels.”)

    In fact, as far as I can tell, the sigma in the comparative is the only evidence that the stem is ??????? and not ??????/?, since the sigma in the nominative could just be the ending. (Although maybe the vocative ??????? also points to the sigma as part of the stem. Is the vocative what you meant by “most forms,” or is there another form where the sigma does not disappear?)

    Mark L ????????


    Pretty much, yes. I had originally considered “non-oblique forms” but changed it to “most forms” in a bid to safeguard accuracy at the expense of clarity.


  4. Alright smarty pants, you’re gonna make me get out my Greek books. (Not my forte). I’m glad YOU can. (Do you pray in koine Greek too? Attic? Then you say it’s tongues…..just kidding).

  5. Thank you for your work. But if you can wrap your mind around this in English you will be closer to the divine son of man than ever. This for me is more evidence of the veracity of scripture. This and the water and the blood from his wounded side which flowed. Both better understood in light of modern medicine.

    1. You think YOUR understanding is limited? I can hardly read Greek! Dr. Fancifimus Troyus Dayus up there is going to read the original and then preach a homily in Latin for us! 😉

    2. (Alas, I only have a Bachelor’s in History and a quarter of a Master’s in Education. Poor me. And a crapload of piano-performance experience …and many, many Bible classes and scores of theology books read but….;-)

  6. Of Course I can’t read all the Hebrew you have written. But in English as it is written. Jesus was in the Garden of Gethsemane. And being in agony He prayed more earnestly: and His sweat was as it were great drop of blood falling down to the ground. Portrays a recognized fact that under extreme mental pressure , the pores may become so dilated that blood may issue from them in the form of bloody sweat. I know He had pressure , great pressure on Him. I believe He had souls on His Shoulders that if He didn’t go through with this Cup. All those souls would not have a Heaven to go too. But as I think of all the pours of His Body becoming as great stopes of blood or bloody sweat. I take it that He bless in every portion of His Body to give us Complete Victory, over every cell of our body. I know that will be kinder garden to some people. But I have felt that for a long time. I know He was getting the flesh under subjection. But again He said he kept the Law in all parts yet without sin. My Bible commentary gives great points. But I jus wanted to explain we have Victory over our whole body. His Blood from the the head with the crown of thorns. And his Side and feet and hands was Sufficient. I still feel the burden He felt was total surrender over the flesh to go through this. This was a great Load.

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